OpenAI is a non-profit organization for artificial intelligence research established in December 2015 with the aim of promoting and developing artificial intelligence systems so that they are safe from risks, and the organization aims to “collaborate freely” with institutions and other researchers by making patents and research open source to the public, addressing the existential risks of artificial general intelligence.
Its main founders were Elon Musk, Sam Altman, Greg Brockman, and Emerson Chu.
In 2018, Musk resigned from his seat on the board, citing possible conflicts of interest with his role as CEO of Tesla Motors over the development of artificial intelligence for self-driving cars, but remained a donor.
In 2019, OpenAI accepted an investment of $1 billion from Microsoft, one of the most prominent technology companies in the world, and on January 23, 2023, Microsoft invested $10 billion in the company.
In October 2015, Elon Musk, Sam Altman and other investors announced the formation of the organization, pledging more than $1 billion for the project.
On April 27, 2016, OpenAI released the beta version of OpenAI gym, a platform for augmented learning research.
On December 5, 2016, OpenAI released “Universe”, a software platform for measuring and training artificial general intelligence.
During the Dota 2 World Championship in August 2017, OpenAI allowed a self-taught bot to play 1v1 with a professional Dota2 player, Dendy, who he played against during a live stream and lost. After the game, CTO Greg Brockman explained that the bot had learned by playing against itself for two weeks, and that the learning program was a step in the direction of creating software that could handle more complex tasks “like surgeries”.
Some scientists, such as Stephen Hawking and Stuart Russell, believe that if advanced AI systems gain the ability to redesign themselves at an increasing rate, there will be an unstoppable “intelligence explosion” that could lead to human extinction. Elon Musk considers artificial intelligence the greatest existential threat to humanity. The founders of OpenAI organized it as a not-for-profit organization so that they could focus their research on creating a positive long-term impact.